An examination of the use of Covid19 special measures by Cleveland Police

Research Institution / Organisation

Teesside University

In Collaboration With

Cleveland Police and Crime Comissioner

Principal Researcher

Professor Marty Chamberlain

Level of Research

Professional / Work-based

Project Start Date

May 2020

Research Context

The project forms part of the School of Social Sciences Humanities and Law (SSSHL) and University response to Covid by engaging in community-based activity which promotes crime reduction and strengthens access to appropriate social and welfare services for those in most need.


Key aims:

  • To investigate the views of the local community on how police are utilising emergency powers to police social distancing measures introduced to curb the spread of Covid 19. In doing so, the project aims to ascertain if an appropriate balance between education and enforcement has been achieved.

  • To gather resident views on lockdown, social distancing and its observance.

  • To consult a varied range of residents (in terms of age, gender, nationality, ethnicity) on police conduct and the policing of social distancing measures in light of introduction of emergency powers.

  • To determine views on community observance of lockdown and social distancing and police conduct/enforcement of social distancing following the introduction of emergency powers.

  • To gain a better understand how local residents across the Middlesbrough area would like Cleveland Police and the OPCC to engage with them during the period of social distancing when conventional face to face engagement mechanisms are limited.

Research Methodology

The research adopts a case study approach within the Teesside area. It will be cross sectional, adopting the following mixed methods, with the second and third stages developing from the first stage.

Stage 1
1. Dedicated online mailbox/social media will gather relevant qualitative data in the form of comments
2. Monitoring/observation of local media plus comments and other social media and online forums

Stage 2
1. Dedicated online mailbox/social media will gather relevant qualitative data in the form of comments
2. Monitoring/observation of local media plus comments and other social media and online forums
3. Online/telephone survey conducted remotely with community members/stakeholders

Stage 3
1. Dedicated online mailbox/social media will gather relevant qualitative data in the form of comments
2. Monitoring/observation of local media plus comments and other social media and online forums
3. Online/telephone survey conducted remotely with community members/stakeholders
4. Remote ‘follow-up’ focus groups with community members/stakeholders

Research instruments will cover the following themes:

  • Knowledge and understanding of the Covid 19 crisis.

  • Knowledge and understanding of lockdown and social distancing measures in response to the Covid 19 crisis.

  • Sources of information about the Covid 19 crisis and lockdown/social distancing measures. 

  • Knowledge and understanding of emergency legislation and enhanced police powers as a response to the Covid 19 crisis.

  • Compliance with lockdown and social distancing measures.

  • Views on police conduct during the crisis, specifically in regard to police enactment of Covid 19 emergency powers to ensure compliance with social distancing. 

  • Interactions and experiences with police during lockdown.

  • General perceptions of community compliance with lockdown/social distancing measures. 

  • Residents views/recommendations on how the police should employ enhanced Covid 19 emergency powers.

 

Sample
It is not possible to identify an exact number of participants due to the use of social media to gather data, however it is anticipated that the project will be small scale given time and budgetary constraints.

The following are estimated participant numbers:

  • Online/telephone survey (approximately 50);

  • Semi-structured interviews conducted remotely (Skype, Zoom) with community members/stakeholders (10-15);

  • Remote focus groups with community members/stakeholders (2-3).

Date due for completion

November 2020
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