Exploring the impact of population density and socio-economic status on journey-to-crime in cases of sexual assault and homicide

Research Institution / Organisation

University of Liverpool

In Collaboration With

National Crime Agency

Principal Researcher

Naomi Trevett and Natasha Hankey

Level of Research

Masters

Project Start Date

March 2019

Research Context

​Previous research has not explored the relationship between population density, socio-economic status (SES) on journey-to-crime (JTC) in cases of homicide or sexual assault.

This research project aims to investigate the potential impact of population density on JTC in cases of homicide and sexual assault particularly in highly urban and very rural areas (as defined by the ONS, 2013a).

Objectives:

  • Investigate the JTC of offenders using data from the Serious Crime Analysis Section (SCAS) database
  • Understand whether there are different patterns of JTC for rural and urban offenders
  • Explore whether crime scene behaviours predict distance travelled to a crime and whether rural and/or urban offenders are likely to display certain crime scene behaviours
  • Provide a more tailored approach to geographical investigation in cases of homicide and sexual assault
  • Report the findings in a way which can be used by Geographical Profilers to assist in investigative practice.

Research Methodology

​​Data for both homicide and sexual assault is being provided by the Serious Crime Analysis Section at the National Crime Agency (NCS).

Homicide
Sample size: approximately 120 cases of homicide from 1990-2018

Sexual Assault
Sample size: approximately 1680 cases of sexual assault from 1973-2018

Analytical techniques used for both homicide and sexual assault analyses will involve Chi-Square tests and Logistic Regression.

Interim reports and publications

​Not available

Date due for completion

September 2019
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