BackgroundFrom 1 April 2017, all police forces across England and Wales are expected to record a broad range of use of force data. Analysis of this wealth of data allows a valuable opportunity to influence changes to national guidance and training.This project involves researchers from the University of Exeter, College of Policing and University College London undertaking detailed analysis of use of force data.AimThe proposed research has two broad aims. First, the research will provide a basic exploratory overview of the national data. This will include, for example, the frequency with which force in general and specific force options were used, how effective their use was perceived to be, and the proportion of incidents that resulted in injury.Second, the research will go beyond a descriptive summary of the data to address key gaps in the evidence base. The analysis will seek to explore the following questions, due to their potential to highlight ways of reducing risks to the police and the public:
Detailed use of force data has been requested from all forces in England and Wales. It is recognised that not all forces will be in a position to provide this data, for resource and technical reasons. Researchers will use advanced statistical techniques to analyse the data received to address the research questions detailed above.