Procedural justice: Do cops pay it forward?

Research Institution / Organisation

University of Portsmouth

Principal Researcher

Jo House

Level of Research


Project Start Date

September 2016

Research Context

The aim of this study was to assess how officer perceptions of Internal Procedural Justice (IPJ), based on the four dimensions of accountability, neutrality, voice and respect, influence officer attitudes towards serving the public.

The key research objectives for this study were to:

1. Evaluate the existing literature surrounding the importance of supervisors in delivering IPJ and the impact of fair supervision on fair policing
2. Investigate the relationship between fair supervision and fair policing in a UK setting
3. Compare the findings from this study with those from earlier studies

Research Methodology

​Primary empirical research was undertaken. The research strategy adopted was a cross-sectional survey using a self-serve, electronic email-based survey with police constables, sergeants, PSCOs and special constables employed by Cumbria Police. This group aimed to represent front line policing roles within the UK. The sample size was 250, but all individuals within this wider group were invited to take part.

The Survey items were adapted and adopted from an earlier officer survey conducted in Chicago (Van Craen & Skogan, 2017a). The data collated was analysed using Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) and Structural Equation modeling (SEM), in an attempt to examine the relationship between Internal Procedural Justice (IPJ) or fair supervision and External Procedural Justice (EPJ) or fair policing.

This research has implications for police forces in respect of offering a potential avenue through which police organisations may be able to influence officers to behave in ways that encourages public support for police.

Interim reports and publications

​Not available

Date due for completion

August 2018
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