The study will examine how society can properly deal with the tension between privacy and other fundamental rights of citizens (TOR-users) and the exercise of state power (police officers conducting investigations on the TOR-network), when this power is exercised for the purpose of preventing and investigating crime. The research will analyse the demands that are imposed on detective work by principles of forensic validity (ensuring that digital evidence is admissible) and legal fairness (due process and human rights). The published research will be based on the study of investigative methodology and ethics in three jurisdictions: England and Wales, the Netherlands and Norway, together with comparative law analyses of evidence, due process, human rights, and the rules governing international police and judicial cooperation
The research methodology will combine legal analysis, scientific/technical IT laboratory research (by Stockholm University) and empirical fieldwork in England and Wales, the Netherlands and Norway. The project will include workshops (including two in the UK) that will bring together investigators, lawyers and academics.
This project will build on earlier work within Northumbria University Law School on international police cooperation, comparative law and scientific/technical evidence. This can be accessed in academic publications, contributions to UK government reports and Parliamentary publications. See, for example: