Vulnerability and Violent Crime Programme (VVCP)

The College of Policing, in partnership with the National Police Chiefs Council (NPCC), was awarded a grant through the Home Office Police Transformation Fund to undertake a programme of work to develop the evidence base on vulnerability and serious violence.  

Intervention evaluations

The VVCP supported the independent evaluation of eight promising initiatives aimed at tackling vulnerability and serious violence. Theory of change (ToC) models were developed for each intervention in phase 1, alongside the identification of possible analysis methods. In phase 2 the eight interventions were independently evaluated by NatCen and the University of Birmingham with the aim of helping to fill gaps in the evidence base on how policing can effectively tackle vulnerability and serious violence. The College research team used the evaluations to draft shorter summary documents which highlight the key findings and implications for practice arising from each full report. These reports complete the work of Phase 2 of the VVCP.

Reports for the eight interventions evaluated through the VVCP can be found here.

VVCP Phase 3

The VVCP is continuing its Phase 3 activity, with a specific focus on county lines and child sexual abuse/ exploitation. The College commissioned the University of Birmingham to develop theories of change and undertake feasibility studies of four new interventions as part of our Phase 3 activity. These interventions are described below:

ART – Adolescent Risk Team

The Adolescent Risk Team (ART) is a small team (1 x DS + 3 x PCs) who are responsible for co-ordinating the Police response on the South West BCU (covering 4 London Boroughs) to the children identified as being at risk from criminal exploitation, serious youth violence and displaying harmful sexual behaviour. The team is part of the BCU Safeguarding Hub and works closely with Missing, CSE and Youth IOM teams as well as partner agencies.

CLIMATE – County Lines Intervention Team

In August 2018, a dedicated County lines team in West Dorset was formed. The team's specific remit was to work with partner agencies (addiction, housing, children's services, mental health workers and IDVA) to safeguard vulnerable persons at risk of exploitation through cuckooing and develop positive engagement with the drug using community. Upon receipt of intelligence indicating an address is being used by county line networks an initial visit would be conducted by uniformed officers sometimes with partner agencies such as housing or mental health workers. The visits sought to safeguard vulnerable people and disrupt county line activity.

Outcome 22 – Out of Court Panels

Northern Area Command Harm Reduction has worked with the 6 Local Authorities situated in the Northumbria Police area to design and roll out "Out Of Court Disposal Panels" across the force. The aim is to ensure outcomes are proportionate to the crime committed, maintain victim satisfaction, and are effective in reducing the risk of further offending. The Out of Court Panel (OOCP) aims to encourage joint decision making between Northumbria Police, and the combined YJS to promote positive and consistent outcomes for young people and victims. The approach aims to safeguard against inappropriate disposals, including inappropriate repeat cautioning and the unnecessary entrance of young people into the criminal justice system.

YET – Youth Engagement Team

The Youth Engagement Team (YET) partners with agencies across Suffolk to work with vulnerable and exploited young people involved in crime, aiming to:

  • Improve their life choices and social integration

  • Reduce associations with gangs,

  • Reduce incidences of serious youth violence

  • Reduce frontline demand

The YET identifies young people to engage with through monthly analysis of police data and completion of a Vulnerability Assessment Tracker (VAT). The VAT tracks males and females, aged between 10-18, and highlights particular risks and issues to officer. Each young person included on the VAT is assigned to an officer who will pro-actively engage them, focussing on prevention and early intervention to deter association with gangs, violence or crime. Links with partner agencies ensure a bespoke and tailored support package can be offered to each young person, which is then closely monitored over 12 weeks. 

Vulnerability Knowledge and Practice Programme (VKPP)


The Vulnerability Knowledge and Practice Programme (VKPP), hosted by the NPCC, was created and is working with force violence and public protection (VPP) leads to identify current interventions and approaches to vulnerability and serious violence across forces in England and Wales. The VVCP continues to work closely with the VKPP on building the evidence base and identifying interventions and approaches to tackling vulnerability across England and Wales. The VKPP is undertaking a range of projects working with force violence and public protection (VPP) leads across national policing. You can find out more about the range of VKPP activities here and see their range of briefing papers in the 'useful briefings' section at the bottom of this page.

Contact us

College team: vulnerabilityprogramme@college.pnn.police.uk
VKPP team: vkpp@norfolk.pnn.police.uk